Latvian domain names


Latvian domain names

Initially, domain names could only contain Latin character, numbers and hyphens ‘-’ but due to the growth of the Internet, domain names containing also characters from other languages were introduced. Such domain names are called Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs).

Since 1 March 2004 NIC.LV offers possibility to register Latvian domain names – domain names that also contain characters with diacritical marks - ā, ē, ī, ū, ō, ķ, ļ, ņ, ŗ, ģ, š, č, ž.

IDNs are supported by all modern web browsers; to check if your browser supports Latvian domain names, use the following link http://tūdaliņ.lv.

If you wish to register a Latvian domain name, you should take into account that:

  • Your website users should be able to enter letters with Latvian diacritical marks. Therefore, before sending your websites address to your partner abroad, make sure that s/he can enter these characters;
  • In your technical records and invoices Latvian domain name will be expressed in ASCII (ASCII Compatible Encoding) string. For example, the ACE (ASCII sequences) representation of the domain name tūdaliņ.lv is’

Actually in the DNS registry traditional domain name that looks like a seemingly incoherent string is being registered. For word conversion Punycode algorithm is being used. That allows to convert Unicode to ASCII and vice versa. The conversed domain name is called ACE (ASCII Compatible Encoding) domain name and can be identified by the prefix “xn-”.

To get your Latvian domain name’s ACE format, use this form: lvdomain
RFC: Internationalizing Domain Names in Applications (IDNA)
Punycode: A Bootstring encoding of Unicode for Internationalized Domain Names in Applications (IDNA)